Paleo ANZAC Biscuits and Gallipoli

ANZAC biscuits have long been associated with the “Australian and New Zealand Army Corps”. They go back to World War 1, when our troops were stationed on the shores of Gallipoli. My grandfather was one of them. Anzac tiles or Hardtack biscuits, as they were called then, were part of a soldiers rations with beef bully. They were used as bread because the ingredients didn’t spoil easily or go mouldy like bread but were very hard to eat. The mothers, wives and girlfriends of Australian troops back home got wind of the terrible Anzac tiles and were reportedly concerned that their boys were not getting enough nutrients. These women used the recipe for Scottish oatcakes as a base and developed what we know of today as the Anzac Biscuit.

ANZAC biscuits were made from a rolled oat base, plain flour, sugar, butter, golden syrup, baking soda and water. The ingredients were accessible during World War 1 and were easy to bake. The biscuits had a long storage life due to the fact they contained no eggs. After the World War coconut was added to the recipe, which made them more like the biscuits we know today.

My grandfather was in the 11th Battalion travelling from Fremantle by ship to Egypt. In Egypt they camped at the foot of the pyramids, training in the sand storms and waiting for orders. The 9th, 10th and 11th Battalions were selected to do the job of landing at Gallipoli. They were told it was a great honour but to expect that only a few would make it out alive. My grandfather wrote in his diary that the snipers were picking them off as they landed while walking through the deep water with heavy packs on their backs. The dark night helped but many were killed trying to get to shore and climb up the steep cliffs. He was hit in his thigh and the bullet left a hole in his trousers and a large burn on his inner thigh in which he wrote, "it took many weeks to heal". My grandfather's diary is published in Ian Gill's book 'Fremantle to France" 11th Battalion 1914 - 1919. I'm a proud granddaughter and it was an honour to have him documented.

I've made some changes to the recipe to make my ANZAC biscuits Paleo friendly. They are gluten, oat, wheat and refined sugar free. I've replaced the oats with almond flakes and sunflower seeds. The flour with almond meal. Highly processed golden syrup has been replaced with unprocessed honey and a little organic molasses, combined they give a very similar flavour to golden syrup. This recipe is in my published cookbook 'The JOYful Table' but I would like to share it today with my newsletter subscribers.

ANZAC BISCUITS (Prep time: 15 mins - Cooking time: 20 mins - Makes: 26)


1 1/2 cup almond meal/flour

1 cup almond flakes

1 cup desiccated coconut

1/2 cup sunflower seeds

1/3 tsp fine sea salt

1/3 cup honey

1 Tbsp molasses, organic (unsulphured)

1/4 cup ghee or organic butter

1 tsp baking soda

2 Tbsp filtered water


Preheat oven to 140c (fan forced). Line 2 large baking trays with baking paper.

Add the almond meal, almond flakes, coconut, sunflower seeds and salt to a large bowl. Mix to combine.

Add honey, molasses and ghee to a small saucepan. Heat on low - medium, don't allow to boil.

Add the baking soda and water to a small cup and stir. Pour into the heated honey mixture, stir through and when the mixture froths remove from the heat.

Make a well in the dry ingredients and pour in the frothing honey mixture. Mix well to combine.

Scoop out rounded tablespoons of mixture and press in your hands to make the mixture come together and form a round patty shape approx. 5cm (2ins) in diameter. Place on the prepared trays and gently flattening.

Bake for 20 - 25 minutes until golden brown. Allow to cool on the trays for 10 minutes while they firm up, then transfer to a wire rack to completely cool. (These are crunchy biscuits, if you find after cooling they are still a little soft underneath, just pop back into the oven for a further 5 - 6 minutes.

Store in a glass airtight container to keep them crisp.

Enjoy my healthier version of ANZAC Biscuits and I hope you can attend a memorial service on the 25th April for our fallen ANZACS. I have wonderful memories of watching the return soldiers marching through Perth city when I was young.